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Fallopian tubes are the organs that transport eggs from the ovary to the uterus and are usually where fertilization occurs. This means that if the fallopian tubes are blocked, the sperm will not be able to swim to the egg.
As such, women with blocked fallopian tubes will find it difficult to conceive. The blockage along the fallopian tube can result from infections, pelvic adhesions, and scar tissue.
Symptoms of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
In most cases, blocked fallopian tubes do not present any obvious symptoms. The possibility of having blocked fallopian tubes is considered only when a woman fails to conceive. Some women may be tested earlier than others; this depends on her age.
However, in a few cases, a woman with blocked fallopian tubes might experience pain on one side of the abdomen. Abdominal pain may be a sign of a hydrosalpinx, which is a fallopian tube that has become filled with fluid due to injury or infection.
How to Identify a Fallopian Tube Blockage
Imaging of a fallopian tube is performed at a speciality imaging center. During this process, a hysterosalpingography, or HSG (X-ray test) is used to examine the inside of a fallopian tube.
During the test, the technician will introduce a dye into the fallopian tubes and the uterus to properly see the inside of the fallopian tubes through an X-ray. It is worth noting that this test should be done during the first half of your menstrual cycle.
Alternatively, your doctor can decide to do an ultrasound test, also known as a sonohysterogram. This is quite similar to the HSG only in that it uses an ultrasound wave instead of an X-ray.
If either of these tests does not help your doctor to make a conclusive determination, they might decide to try to use laparoscopy for further evaluation.
Can Blocked Fallopian Tubes Be Treated?
There isn’t a straight yes or no answer to this question. The issue is treated through surgery, but the success of surgery mainly depends on the underlying cause of the problem and the nature of the blockage.
For instance, if the blockage is caused by an infection or damage resulting from an ectopic pregnancy, the chance of a successful treatment is slim. In addition, the closer the blockage is to the uterus, the higher the chances of successful surgery.
It is important to discuss all aspects of your condition with your doctor before your surgery.
The Bottom Line
Blocked fallopian tubes are a major cause of infertility in women. If you are struggling to get pregnant, please reach out to Reproductive Fertility Center today.