The definition of infertility is the inability to conceive for a couple after trying for one year if the female partner is under age 35, and for 6 months if the female partner is above age 35 years old.
In women fertility depends on 2 key factors:
1. The ability to produce healthy eggs. In general a normal monthly menstruation cycle signifies that a woman is releasing eggs. Women are born with all of the eggs they will have throughout their lives. As a woman ages, the quality of her eggs decreases, as does the ability of the eggs to fertilize and produce a healthy child. This decrease begins after age 30 and takes a dramatic turn after age 40. It is for this reason that women who are considering delaying have a child are encouraged to have ovarian reserve testing. This testing will include a blood test to check hormone levels and an ultrasound to evaluate the number of follicles. This information will help determine if waiting is a good idea. In addition, it is recommended that women consider freezing their eggs in their twenties or early thirties for future use.
2. The ability to provide a mechanism for the eggs to meet with the sperm and for the resulting embryos to grow. The uterus and Fallopian tubes are the gate way for the eggs and sperm to meet, and for the resulting embryo to be transferred to the womb as it develops into a healthy child. The uterus and Fallopian tubes can be evaluated with ultrasound and a hysterosalpingogram (an xray that utilizes contrast solution to evaluate tubal patency).
Female fertility therefore depends on various factors. The first step is to find a fertility doctor that you are comfortable with. Your doctor will want to review your medical history with you, and discuss your options. He may recommend testing, such as a vaginal ultrasound, hormone tests and a hysterosalpingogram, to assess your reproductive health. When you are ready to move forward, RFC will be there for you. Dr. Peyman Saadat and his team are here to help. Call us at 310.929.6707 and let us help you become the parent you are meant to be.